You are here
Modeling for Plastic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery.
In this paper, we present the modeling and estimation aspects of a virtual reality system for plastic and reconstructive breast surgery. Our system has two modes, a model creation mode and a model fitting mode. The model creation mode allows a surgeon to interactively adjust the shape of a virtual breast by varying key shape variables, analogous to the aesthetic and structural elements surgeons inherently vary manually during breast reconstruction. Our contribution is a set of global deformations with very intuitive parameters that a surgeon can apply to a generic geometric primitive in order to model the breast of his/her patient for pre-operative planning purposes and for communicating this plan to the patient. The model fitting mode allows the system to automatically fit a generic deformable model to patient specific three-dimensional breast surface measurements using a physically-based framework. We have tested the accuracy of our technique using both synthetic and real input data with very encouraging results.