UBERT: A Novel Language Model for Synonymy Prediction at Scale in the UMLS Metathesaurus.
Wijesiriwardene T, Nguyen V, Bajaj GK, Yip HY, Javangula V, Mao Y, Fung KW, Sheth A, Parthasarathy S, Bodenreider O
The UMLS Metathesaurus integrates more than 200 biomedical source vocabularies. During the Metathesaurus construction process, synonymous terms are clustered into concepts by human editors, assisted by lexical similarity algorithms. This process is error-prone and time-consuming. Recently, a deep learning model (LexLM) has been developed for the UMLS Vocabulary Alignment (UVA) task. This work introduces UBERT, a BERT-based language model, pretrained on UMLS terms via a supervised Synonymy Prediction (SP) task replacing the original Next Sentence Prediction (NSP) task. The effectiveness of UBERT for UMLS Metathesaurus construction process is evaluated using the UMLS Vocabulary Alignment (UVA) task. We show that UBERT outperforms the LexLM, as well as biomedical BERT-based models. Key to the performance of UBERT are the synonymy prediction task specifically developed for UBERT, the tight alignment of training data to the UVA task, and the similarity of the models used for pretrained UBERT.
Wijesiriwardene T, Nguyen V, Bajaj GK, Yip HY, Javangula V, Mao Y, Fung KW, Sheth A, Parthasarathy S, Bodenreider O. UBERT: A Novel Language Model for Synonymy Prediction at Scale in the UMLS Metathesaurus.