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Performance, Instruction, and Technology in Health Care Education.
Education and performance technology are employed in different settings. General societal forces affect each context, and those working in a given setting have their own priorities, values, and culture. All of these factors affect the education and training agenda and, consequently, the way technology is used and instruction is created. In this chapter, I review the role of technology in supporting performance and instruction in health care settings, especially as it relates to educating and training physicians and other health professionals. I emphasize medical education particularly, since many trends in medicine carry over to other health science disciplines. Although professional education is stressed, related areas, such as patient and consumer health education, also are addressed.
The chapter begins with an overview of education activities in different health contexts and a brief history of medical education. The latter is used to frame discussion of education and training in health care and the factors currently driving technology application. Clinical reasoning, problem-based learning, and evidence-based medicine are discussed and educational issues and methods important to the health science community are identified.
At the end of this chapter appears a list of annotated URLs to online applications that are either examples of education and performance technology in varied health settings or illustrations of how a theoretical approach has been instantiated in practice. Readers are encouraged to consult the URLs, which are organized to coincide with certain sections of the chapter. They will add meaning and definition to the concepts presented, and some are useful in their own right as health information sources.