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Educational Technology and Instructional Development in Health Care.
Educational technology is employed in different settings. General societal forces affect each context, and those working in a given setting have their own priorities, values, and culture. All of these factors affect the education and training afenda and, consequently, the way technology is used and instruction is created. In this chapter, I review educational technology and instructional development in health care settings, especially as it relates to educating and training physicians and other health professionals. I emphasize medical education particularly, since many trends in medicine carry over to other health science disciplines. Although professional education is stressed, related areas, such as patient and consumer health education, also are addressed. The chapter begins with an overview of education in different areas of health and a brief history of medical education. The latter is used to frame a discussion of education and training in the health care field and the factors currently driving application of technology and development of instruction. Educational issues important to the health science community are identified, and an attempt is made to portray the overriding concerns of those working with education and training in health care.