Structured Abstracts


October 26, 2015 - Updated Label List and NLM Category Mappings File now available.

The Updated Label List and NLM Category Mappings file records 3,032 labels: 2,799 (from the 2014 Label List), and 233 new labels. Each label has a map to one of five corresponding broader NLM Categories (i.e., BACKGROUND, OBJECTIVE, METHODS, RESULTS, or CONCLUSIONS) and an indication of whether the label is classed as an "Ending Label" concept.

 (124 kb) - [Bar Separated List Text Version]

Structured abstracts have several advantages for authors and readers. These formats were developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s to assist health professionals in selecting clinically relevant and methodologically valid journal articles. They also guide authors in summarizing the content of their manuscripts precisely, facilitate the peer-review process for manuscripts submitted for publication, and enhance computerized literature searching.

This Structured Abstracts in MEDLINE® resource provides information about U.S. National Library of Medicine® (NLM®) research on Structured Abstracts.

Contact NLM: Your comments and questions are welcome. Please put "Structured Abstracts" in the subject box.