Lexical Tools

SuffixD Rules - 2021

There are several hundreds of derivational suffix rules. Lexical Tools collect and validate the most common ones that have high precision (low exceptions), frequency (occurrence) and compile redundant rules from child-parent relationship as follows:

 RulesPrecisionInstancesOccurrencesExceptionsStatusSourceRelation
1 $|adj|ally$|adv 99.08% 2075 2056 19 2015 ORG_FACT PARENT
2 $|adj|ism$|noun 90.27% 370 334 36 2016 NOM_D SELF
3 $|adj|ity$|noun 97.89% 2085 2041 44 2013 ORG_RULE PARENT
4 $|adj|ly$|adv 99.96% 6719 6716 3 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
5 $|adj|ness$|noun 100.00% 2737 2737 0 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
6 $|adj|oid$|adj 45.00% 40 18 22 2020 EXP_SUG SELF
7 $|adj|s$|noun 93.96% 629 591 38 2020 ORG_FACT SELF
8 $|adj|y$|noun 42.07% 145 61 84 2021 NOM_D SELF
9 $|noun|able$|adj 2.34% 427 10 417 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
10 $|noun|age$|noun 38.02% 121 46 75 2016 ORG_FACT SELF
11 $|noun|al$|adj 73.00% 1326 968 358 2013 ORG_RULE PARENT
12 $|noun|ary$|adj 86.52% 141 122 19 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
13 $|noun|cide$|noun 86.67% 15 13 2 2021 EXP_SUG SELF
14 $|noun|ed$|adj 73.61% 485 357 128 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
15 $|noun|ful$|adj 89.21% 139 124 15 2013 ORG_FACT SELF
16 $|noun|fully$|adv 0.00% 95 0 95 2017 ORG_FACT SELF
17 $|noun|ial$|adj 49.10% 167 82 85 2020 ORG_FACT SELF
18 $|noun|ic$|adj 79.38% 1697 1347 350 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
19 $|noun|ish$|adj 61.29% 93 57 36 2017 ORG_FACT SELF
20 $|noun|ism$|noun 97.12% 452 439 13 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
21 $|noun|ist$|noun 63.25% 332 210 122 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
22 $|noun|ize$|verb 59.14% 443 262 181 2015 EXP_SUG SELF
23 $|noun|less$|adj 99.64% 561 559 2 2013 ORG_FACT SELF
24 $|noun|oid$|noun 50.00% 94 47 47 2020 EXP_SUG SELF
25 $|noun|ous$|adj 46.47% 340 158 182 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
26 $|noun|ship$|noun 80.45% 133 107 26 2016 ORG_FACT SELF
27 $|noun|tous$|adj 97.85% 186 182 4 2017 ORG_FACT SELF
28 $|noun|ty$|adj 47.62% 42 20 22 2017 EXP_SUG SELF
29 $|noun|y$|adj 47.91% 647 310 337 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
30 $|noun|y$|noun 51.66% 664 343 321 2017 ORG_FACT PARENT
31 $|verb|able$|adj 97.14% 595 578 17 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
32 $|verb|ably$|adv 0.00% 57 0 57 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
33 $|verb|age$|noun 55.13% 78 43 35 2020 ORG_FACT SELF
34 $|verb|ance$|noun 93.02% 86 80 6 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
35 $|verb|ant$|adj 50.75% 67 34 33 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
36 $|verb|ant$|noun 75.56% 90 68 22 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
37 $|verb|ation$|noun 90.56% 339 307 32 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
38 $|verb|ed$|adj 70.10% 311 218 93 2021 EXP_SUG SELF
39 $|verb|er$|noun 96.22% 952 916 36 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
40 $|verb|ing$|noun 92.70% 534 495 39 2013 NOM_D SELF
41 $|verb|ion$|noun 93.72% 573 537 36 2013 NOM_D PARENT
42 $|verb|less$|adj 2.34% 385 9 376 2013 ORG_FACT SELF
43 $|verb|ment$|noun 98.36% 611 601 10 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
44 $|verb|nce$|noun 71.83% 71 51 20 2021 NOM_D SELF
45 $|verb|or$|noun 83.55% 231 193 38 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
46 a$|noun|al$|adj 86.18% 463 399 64 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
47 a$|noun|an$|adj 86.47% 266 230 36 2013 ORG_RULE PARENT
48 a$|noun|an$|noun 1.08% 278 3 275 2013 ORG_RULE PARENT
49 a$|noun|ar$|adj 87.68% 138 121 17 2013 ORG_RULE PARENT
50 a$|noun|iasis$|noun 76.19% 21 16 5 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
51 ability$|noun|able$|adj 100.00% 1294 1294 0 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
52 ability$|noun|eable$|adj 97.92% 48 47 1 2021 NOM_D SELF
53 ability$|noun|ible$|adj 100.00% 61 61 0 2020 NOM_D SELF
54 able$|adj|ate$|verb 86.52% 178 154 24 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
55 able$|adj|e$|verb 97.74% 486 475 11 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
56 able$|adj|eability$|noun 100.00% 42 42 0 2021 NOM_D SELF
57 acy$|noun|ate$|adj 97.73% 44 43 1 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
58 age$|noun|e$|verb 57.14% 28 16 12 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
59 al$|adj|e$|noun 60.17% 600 361 239 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
60 al$|adj|ine$|noun 34.00% 50 17 33 2016 EXP_SUG SELF
61 al$|adj|um$|noun 91.72% 483 443 40 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
62 al$|adj|us$|noun 85.04% 274 233 41 2015 EXP_SUG SELF
63 al$|noun|e$|verb 67.01% 97 65 32 2020 NOM_D SELF
64 ance$|noun|ant$|adj 99.10% 333 330 3 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
65 ance$|noun|e$|verb 85.71% 35 30 5 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
66 ant$|adj|ate$|verb 68.29% 123 84 39 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
67 ant$|adj|ation$|noun 18.38% 185 34 151 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
68 ant$|noun|ate$|verb 38.26% 149 57 92 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
69 ant$|noun|e$|verb 84.09% 44 37 7 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
70 ar$|adj|ate$|verb 6.35% 63 4 59 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
71 ar$|adj|e$|noun 63.02% 192 121 71 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
72 ar$|adj|us$|noun 38.83% 103 40 63 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
73 asia$|noun|astic$|adj 88.00% 50 44 6 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
74 ate$|verb|ation$|noun 99.81% 2108 2104 4 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
75 ate$|verb|ative$|noun 3.23% 31 1 30 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
76 ation$|noun|e$|verb 99.25% 2530 2511 19 2013 ORG_RULE PARENT
77 ation$|noun|ed$|adj 93.71% 445 417 28 2016 NOM_D SELF
78 c$|adj|s$|noun 89.12% 294 262 32 2015 ORG_FACT PARENT
79 c$|adj|sm$|noun 20.63% 504 104 400 2021 NOM_D PARENT
80 ce$|noun|t$|adj 97.62% 883 862 21 2015 NOM_D PARENT
81 ctic$|adj|xis$|noun 65.85% 41 27 14 2021 ORG_FACT SELF
82 cy$|noun|t$|adj 98.80% 416 411 5 2015 NOM_D PARENT
83 d$|verb|sion$|noun 93.18% 44 41 3 2021 NOM_D SELF
84 de$|verb|sion$|noun 100.00% 62 62 0 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
85 e$|adj|ion$|noun 54.87% 359 197 162 2016 NOM_D SELF
86 e$|adj|ity$|noun 97.47% 908 885 23 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
87 e$|noun|ed$|adj 42.54% 362 154 208 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
88 e$|noun|ery$|noun 72.73% 33 24 9 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
89 e$|noun|ic$|adj 91.56% 1268 1161 107 2016 ORG_FACT SELF
90 e$|noun|ous$|adj 57.22% 187 107 80 2021 ORG_FACT SELF
91 e$|noun|y$|adj 73.05% 141 103 38 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
92 e$|noun|y$|noun 56.72% 677 384 293 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
93 e$|verb|er$|noun 96.30% 783 754 29 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
94 e$|verb|ing$|noun 91.40% 221 202 19 2015 EXP_SUG SELF
95 e$|verb|ion$|noun 98.81% 2349 2321 28 2015 NOM_D PARENT
96 e$|verb|is$|noun 95.17% 145 138 7 2016 NOM_D PARENT
97 e$|verb|ition$|noun 89.58% 48 43 5 2021 NOM_D SELF
98 e$|verb|or$|noun 77.40% 447 346 101 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
99 e$|verb|tion$|noun 89.80% 98 88 10 2017 NOM_D SELF
100 ed$|adj|ion$|noun 98.07% 724 710 14 2013 NOM_D SELF
101 ed$|adj|ment$|noun 51.76% 85 44 41 2021 NOM_D SELF
102 ence$|noun|ent$|adj 98.70% 539 532 7 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
103 ence$|noun|ential$|adj 100.00% 43 43 0 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
104 ency$|noun|ent$|adj 98.32% 298 293 5 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
105 ency$|noun|ent$|noun 45.31% 64 29 35 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
106 er$|noun|ing$|noun 0.00% 534 0 534 2021 ORG_FACT SELF
107 er$|noun|ress$|noun 50.00% 18 9 9 2017 EXP_SUG SELF
108 er$|noun|y$|noun 39.26% 163 64 99 2021 ORG_FACT SELF
109 er$|verb|ration$|noun 93.88% 49 46 3 2021 NOM_D SELF
110 es$|noun|ic$|adj 76.92% 26 20 6 2015 EXP_SUG SELF
111 es$|noun|ic$|noun 0.00% 19 0 19 2015 EXP_SUG SELF
112 esis$|noun|etic$|adj 99.40% 336 334 2 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
113 esis$|noun|ic$|adj 92.41% 224 207 17 2016 EXP_SUG SELF
114 gram$|noun|graph$|noun 86.62% 142 123 19 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
115 gram$|noun|graphic$|adj 2.58% 233 6 227 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
116 gram$|noun|graphy$|noun 2.43% 371 9 362 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
117 graph$|noun|graphy$|noun 95.19% 208 198 10 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
118 ia$|noun|iac$|noun 95.65% 46 44 2 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
119 ia$|noun|ian$|adj 84.94% 166 141 25 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
120 ia$|noun|ian$|noun 1.45% 138 2 136 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
121 ia$|noun|ic$|adj 97.52% 1090 1063 27 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
122 ial$|adj|y$|noun 91.89% 74 68 6 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
123 iance$|noun|iant$|adj 100.00% 34 34 0 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
124 ic$|adj|ically$|adv 99.95% 1952 1951 1 2013 ORG_FACT CHILD
125 ic$|adj|icity$|noun 99.37% 948 942 6 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
126 ic$|adj|is$|noun 91.55% 284 260 24 2013 ORG_FACT CHILD
127 ic$|adj|ism$|noun 20.68% 503 104 399 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
128 ic$|adj|y$|noun 95.29% 2040 1944 96 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
129 ic$|noun|ical$|adj 29.32% 133 39 94 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
130 ical$|adj|y$|noun 98.75% 798 788 10 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
131 ication$|noun|y$|verb 98.33% 300 295 5 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
132 iency$|noun|ient$|adj 100.00% 56 56 0 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
133 ility$|noun|le$|adj 99.94% 1634 1633 1 2015 NOM_D PARENT
134 ily$|adv|y$|adj 98.61% 144 142 2 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
135 iness$|noun|y$|adj 99.82% 546 545 1 2013 NOM_D SELF
136 ion$|noun|ious$|adj 92.86% 42 39 3 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
137 ion$|noun|ive$|noun 3.87% 181 7 174 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
138 ion$|noun|ory$|adj 100.00% 471 471 0 2020 ORG_FACT SELF
139 ious$|adj|y$|noun 72.09% 43 31 12 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
140 ism$|noun|ist$|noun 2.05% 341 7 334 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
141 ism$|noun|istic$|adj 97.44% 234 228 6 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
142 ist$|noun|y$|noun 95.33% 514 490 24 2013 ORG_FACT SELF
143 ity$|noun|ous$|adj 88.17% 93 82 11 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
144 ity$|noun|y$|adj 68.25% 63 43 20 2021 NOM_D SELF
145 ization$|noun|ize$|verb 100.00% 1250 1250 0 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
146 le$|adj|ly$|adv 100.00% 327 327 0 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
147 le$|noun|ular$|adj 91.18% 102 93 9 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
148 meter$|noun|metry$|noun 97.97% 344 337 7 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
149 nce$|noun|nt$|adj 98.85% 872 862 10 2015 DECOMPOSE CHILD
150 on$|noun|ve$|adj 91.31% 1255 1146 109 2016 ORG_FACT SELF
151 ose$|verb|osis$|noun 96.30% 54 52 2 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
152 osis$|noun|otic$|adj 99.73% 369 368 1 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
153 osity$|noun|ous$|adj 90.00% 100 90 10 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
154 ous$|adj|y$|noun 33.91% 233 79 154 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
155 physeal$|adj|physis$|noun 100.00% 26 26 0 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
156 sability$|noun|zable$|adj 100.00% 50 50 0 2020 NOM_D SELF
157 sable$|adj|zability$|noun 100.00% 54 54 0 2020 NOM_D SELF
158 sation$|noun|ze$|verb 100.00% 1082 1082 0 2015 NOM_D SELF
159 sation$|noun|zed$|adj 100.00% 135 135 0 2017 NOM_D SELF
160 se$|verb|sion$|noun 90.62% 128 116 12 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
161 se$|verb|zation$|noun 100.00% 1118 1118 0 2015 NOM_D SELF
162 sed$|adj|zation$|noun 100.00% 131 131 0 2017 NOM_D SELF
163 sia$|noun|tic$|adj 94.17% 103 97 6 2016 ORG_FACT SELF
164 sion$|noun|t$|verb 82.14% 56 46 10 2013 ORG_RULE SELF
165 sis$|noun|tic$|adj 99.51% 1017 1012 5 2013 ORG_RULE PARENT
166 sis$|noun|ze$|verb 96.67% 60 58 2 2020 NOM_D SELF
167 sity$|noun|us$|adj 89.11% 101 90 11 2017 NOM_D PARENT
168 ss$|verb|ssion$|noun 95.92% 98 94 4 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD
169 t$|verb|tted$|adj 77.78% 9 7 2 2021 EXP_SUG SELF
170 ula$|noun|ular$|adj 94.29% 70 66 4 2013 ORG_RULE CHILD