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Staff Scientist
Communications Engineering Branch
Phone Number: (
Expertise and Research Interests: 

Dr. Antani is a versatile researcher leading several research projects. He leads and conducts R&D on topics in biomedical image processing, content-based image retrieval, multimodal medical image informatics, global health applications, mobile smartphone apps, and next-generation scientific documents.

Professional Activities: 

He is a senior member of the International Society of Photonics and Optics (SPIE), and member of the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA), and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the IEEE Computer Society. He serves as the Chair for the Biomedical Image Informatics (BMII) working group in AMIA, the Vice Chair for Computational Medicine on the IEEE Technical Committee on Computational Life Sciences (TCCLS), and as an Associate Editor with the IEEE Journal of  Biomedical and Health Informatics.

Honors and Awards: 

Dr. Antani has received several staff honors over the years. In addition, in 2013, he received the NIH Award of Merit for his contribution to novel image and text based methods for searching the biomedical literature. In 2009, he received the NIH Award of Merit for his contributions to Content-Based Image Retrieval in Geographically Distributed Systems. In 2008, he was a member of the NLM team recognized by Internet2 for developing geography-independent cancer research tools.

Publications/Tools by Sameer Antani: 
Demner-Fushman D, Antani S, Kalpathy-Cramer J, Müller H. A decade of community-wide efforts in advancing medical image understanding and retrieval. Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2015 Jan;39:1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2014.12.002.
Abstract | PMID: 25572585
Kalpathy-Cramer J, de Herrera AG, Demner-Fushman D, Antani S, Bedrick S, Müller H. Evaluating performance of biomedical image retrieval systems-An overview of the medical image retrieval task at ImageCLEF 2004-2013. Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2015 Jan;39:55-61. doi: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2014.03.004. Epub 2014 Mar 27.
Abstract | PMID: 24746250 | PMCID: PMC4177510
Simpson MS, You D, Rahman MM, Xue Z, Demner-Fushman D, Antani S, Thoma G. Literature-based biomedical image classification and retrieval. Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2015 Jan;39:3-13. doi: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2014.06.006. Epub 2014 Jun 20.
Abstract | PMID: 25016956
Xue Z, You D, Chachra S, Antani SK, Long LR, Demner-Fushman D, Thoma GR. Extraction of endoscopic images for biomedical figure classification. PACS and Imaging Informatics: Next Generation and Innovations, SPIE Medical Imaging, Vol. 9418, 2015. (In Press)
Candemir S, Antani SK, Jaeger SR, Thoma GR. Lung boundary detection in pediatric chest x-rays. PACS and Imaging Informatics: Next Generation and Innovations, SPIE Medical Imaging, Vol. 9418, 2015.
Rahman MM, Antani SK, Demner-Fushman D, Thoma GR. A visual concept-based interactive biomedical image retrieval using entropy and spatial information. (In Press) PACS and Imaging Informatics: Next Generation and Innovations, SPIE Medical Imaging, Vol. 9418, 2015.
Xu T, Huang X, Kim E, Long LR, Antani SK. Multi-test cervical cancer diagnosis with missing data estimation. (In Press) Computer-Aided Diagnosis, SPIE Medical Imaging, Vol. 9414, 2015.
Jaeger S, Candemir S, Antani SK, Wang Y, Lu P. Two public chest X-ray datasets for computer-aided screening of pulmonary diseases. Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery, Vol 4, No 6, 2014
Gordon, E, Ersoy, I, Jaeger S, Waisberg, M, Pena, M, Thoma GR, Antani SK, Pierce, S, Palaniappan, K. Retinal Microcirculation Dynamics During an Active Malarial Infection. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH), 2014.