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Staff Scientist
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Expertise and Research Interests: 

Dr. Antani is a versatile researcher leading several scientific and technical research projects. He applies his expertise in biomedical image processing, medical image informatics, visual information retrieval, and related topics in computer science and engineering technology, toward advancing the biomedical sciences, in global health applications, and the advanced methods for dissemination of scientific information. Notably, he leads the R&D of an automatic screening system for detecting presence of Tuberculosis (TB) and other pulmonary abnormalities in digital chest x-ray images; and, (jointly with Dr. Demner-Fushman) the OPEN-i biomedical image retrieval system that provides text and visual search capability to retrieve over 2.3 million images from approximately 730,000 Open Access biomedical research articles from NLM’s PubMed Central repository.

Professional Activities: 

Dr. Antani is a senior member of the International Society of Photonics and Optics (SPIE), and member of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the IEEE Computer Society. He serves as the Vice Chair for Computational Medicine on the IEEE Technical Committee on Computational Life Sciences (TCCLS), and as an Associate Editor with the IEEE Journal of  Biomedical and Health Informatics.

Honors and Awards: 

In 2014, Dr. Antani's automated chest X-ray screening project was an awardee of HHS Ignite, a departmental initiative that serves as an “incubator for new ideas” run out of the HHS IDEA Lab. In addition to several staff achievement awards, in 2013, he received the NIH Award of Merit for his contribution to novel image and text based methods for searching the biomedical literature. In 2009, he received the NIH Award of Merit for his contributions to Content-Based Image Retrieval in Geographically Distributed Systems. In 2008, he was a member of the NLM team recognized by Internet2 for developing geography-independent cancer research tools.

Publications/Tools by Sameer Antani: 
Xue Z, Candemir S, Antani SK, Long LR, Jaeger S, Demner-Fushman D, Thoma GR. Foreign Object Detection in Chest X-rays. IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM) 2015 workshops, Bethesda, Maryland, Nov. 9-12, 2015.
Antani SK. Automatic x-ray screening for tuberculosis. SPIE Newsroom. October 2015. DOI: 10.1117/2.1201509.006128
Folio, L, Sigelman, J, Wang, Y, Lu, P, Antani SK, Jaeger S. Automatic Identification and Classification of Tuberculosis Findings on Chest Radiographs for Global Surveillance Programs. Annual Meeting of the American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS)
Candemir S, Borovikov E, KC S, Antani SK, Thoma GR. RSILC: Rotation- and Scale-Invariant, Line-based Color-aware descriptor. Image and Vision Computing, Volume 42, October 2015, Pages 1-12, ISSN 0262-8856. doi:10.1016/j.imavis.2015.06.010.
Demner-Fushman D, Kohli MD, Rosenman MB, Shooshan SE, Rodriguez L, Antani S, Thoma GR, McDonald CJ. Preparing a collection of radiology examinations for distribution and retrieval. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Jul 1. pii: ocv080. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocv080. [Epub ahead of print]
Abstract | PMID: 26133894
KC S, Vajda S, Antani SK, Thoma GR. Automatic Pulmonary Abnormality Screening using Thoracic Edge Map. IEEE, 28th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS), pp. 360-361, 2015.
KC S, Antani SK, Thoma GR. Stitched Multipanel Biomedical Figure Separation. IEEE, 28th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS), pp. 54-59, 2015.
Karargyris A, Siegelman J, Tzortzis D, Jaeger S, Candemir S, Xue Z, KC S, Vajda S, Antani SK, Folio L, Thoma GR. Combination of texture and shape features to detect pulmonary abnormalities in digital chest X-rays. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2015 Jun 20. [Epub ahead of print]
Abstract |  PDF | PMID: 26092662
Xue Z, You D, Candemir S, Jaeger S, Antani SK, Long LR, Thoma GR. Chest X-ray Image View Classification The 28th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems
Antani SK. Automated Detection of Lung Diseases in Chest X-Rays April 2015 Technical Report to the LHNCBC Board of Scientific